Now that summer is approaching very soon, we all need to safe in regards to high exhaustion, dehydration and insect bites. Most people are allergic to the saliva of a mosquito hence the bites itch.
However there are other consequences of mosquito bites when the insect is infected with a virus. The Saint Louis encephalitis virus also known as SLEV is a virus transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito.
The mosquito becomes infected by feeding on birds infected with the St. Louis encephalitis virus. Once they feed on the infected bird the virus is can then be transmitted to humans and other organisms.
Most cases of SLEV disease have occurred in the central and eastern United States (i.e., Ohio, Indiana, Texas, Illinois, and Louisiana).
Most persons infected with SLEV have no obvious sickness or illness. Initially the symptoms of those who become sick include headache, nausea, fever, vomiting, and weariness.
Severe encephalitis is an inflation of the brain and occurs more commonly in older adults. It is rare that, long-term disability or death can result.
Often people do not realize they are infected with SLEV and may think they have a cold because of the flu-like symptoms. At this time there is no specific treatment for SLEV however the symptoms can be treated as they arise.
If you suspect you have SLEV from a mosquito bite, seek your primary care physician or emergency medical attention as soon as possible.
Reducing your risk of a mosquito bite is probably the best route to avoid SLEV or just the nuisance of an itchy bite. When you know you are going to be outdoors for a long period of time or at night, make sure you use insect repellent.
If you do not like want to wear repellant it is also a good idea to wear protective clothing, such as long sleeves, pants or even gloves if you are doing yard work or gardening.
Although this may be uncomfortable because of warm weather it will keep you safe from infection. Another method is avoiding being outside during peak hours.
Mosquito are typically most active at dusk and dawn. So if you do not have to go out during those times then do not even bother.
Lastly, keep in mind mosquitoes breed on water so make sure there is no stagnant water in tires or containers around the parameter of your home.
Even a small cup of water left on a porch can become a breeding site for mosquitoes. This summer remember to be safe and protect yourself and your family.